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- Historic Budapest
The Buda Castle is since 1987 part of UNESCO World Heritage. The Royal Palace of Buda is located on top of Castle Hill in the Buda Castle district, which is well known for its beautiful baroque buildings. The Royal Palace has been constantly under construction since the 13th century and the seat of many kings for the last 700 years of Hungarian history. Today, this amazing building is home to some of the most famous Hungarian museums, like the Hungarian National Gallery and the Budapest History Museum.
Dramatically located on the Pest banks of the Danube, the Parliament is the vast 1902 creation of Imre Steindl. The 96-metre high dome and neo-Gothic maze of golden halls house Hungary’s national assembly. Protesters and tourists gather outside. Partly modelled on London’s House of Parliament, the palace is graced with a spire-topped red dome, overlooking the Danube to one side, Kossuth Square to the other.
The Széchenyi Chain Bridge is the first permanent bridge over the Danube between Buda and Pest. Built in 1849, it played a major role in the unification of Pest, Buda and Óbuda later in 1873. Its construction was triggered by the fact that Count István Széchenyi had to wait a full week before being able to successfully cross the river to get to his father's funeral. The thought that the city needed a permanent river crossing point was conceived at this time.
Heroes’ Square is one of the most visited sights of the Hungarian capital, is situated in front of the City Park, at the end of the Andrássy Avenue, one of the most important streets of Budapest, a World Heritage site. The millennial monument was built in 1896 to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the arrival of Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin. The monument consists of two semi-circles on the top of which the symbols of War and Peace, Work and Welfare, Knowledge and Glory can be seen. The niches are decorated by the statues of kings, governors and famous characters of the Hungarian history.
The Fishermen’s Bastion is built on the wall of the Buda Castle. Its seven towers symbolize the seven leaders of the seven founder Hungarian tribes. Between the towers are stairs, made of marble. In the inside court stands the statue of the first Hungarian king, Stephen I. and at its leg the statue of János Hunyadi and Saint George.